为什么比特币不能成为货币?

货币是固定充当一般等价物的商品,商品是用于交换的劳动产品。比特币不是劳动产品,所以永远不可能是货币。

由货币当局发行的有商品对应的货币符号可以作为信用货币,这种脱离了金本位的货币符号在货币当局信用支撑下可以作为商品交易的媒介,但本质上把使用这种信用货币的人同货币当局捆绑在一起了。由于货币符号同黄金这种天然货币发生分离,一旦货币当局信用崩塌,货币贬值和挤兑是必然的。

现在以比特币为代表的数字货币交易中,币币交换,也就是货币当局发行的货币符号同数字货币的交换为主,而币物交换的比例则极低。这说明大多数参与数字货币的交易者都是把数字货币当成一种融资工具和投机工具,要么是为了洗钱,要么是为了套利。洗了钱套了利马上就清盘离场了。只有极个别理想主义者为了心中那点儿虚无缥缈、不切实际、违背经济学规律的理想而坚持入场不套现的。这种人的存在正好给了洗钱和投机分子活动的空间了。

Why Bitcoin cannot become a currency?

Money is a commodity that serves as a general equivalent, and a commodity is a labor product for exchange. Bitcoin is not a labor product, so it can never be a currency.

Currency symbols issued by the monetary authorities and used as commodities can be used as credit currency. This currency symbol, which is separated from the gold standard, can be used as a medium for commodity trading under the credit support of the monetary authority, but essentially people who use this kind of credit currency are tied up with the monetary authorities. Since the currency symbol separates from the natural currency such as gold, once the currency authority’s credit collapses, currency devaluation and rundown are inevitable.

In the digital currency transaction represented by Bitcoin, currency exchange, which is the exchange of currency symbols issued by monetary authorities and digital currencies, is the main factor, while the proportion of currency exchange is extremely low. This shows that most traders involved in digital currencies use the digital currency as a financing tool and speculative tool, either for money laundering or for arbitrage. After washing the money, the speculators would liquidate all shares and leave the market as soon as possible. Only very few idealists adhere to the ideals of being innocent, unrealistic, and contrary to the laws of economics, and persist in not cashing out. The existence of this kind of person just gives room for money laundering and speculative activities.

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